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Land resources 

Large natural area (6,724.72 km2 ) with high forest coverage of more than 50% in which local forest area of 339,016 ha, in which, natural forest area is 316,916 ha,planted forest area is 22,100 ha); 

Land resources in Cao Bang are divided into the following main groups:  

The alluvial soil area of 7,718 ha accounts for 1.06% of the total natural area of the province;  

The peat and peat group covers an area of about 11ha;  

The yellow-red soil group covers an area of 408,563 ha, accounting for 60.8%;  

The group of humus on high mountains with an area of 194 ha accounts for 0.03%;  

The group of carbonate soil covers an area of 6,322 ha, accounting for 0.94%;  

The black soil group covers an area of 127 hectares, accounting for 0.02%;  

The group of reddish yellow humus soil on the mountain is about 63,054 ha, accounting for 9.38;  

The soil is eroded with soil and gravel, 2,420 ha, accounting for 0.36%. 

In general, land resources in Cao Bang province are quite diverse in terms of soil group and soil type, creating many agro-forestry sub-regions suitable for

Water resources

Annual average water surface potential is about 10.5 billion m3 in which, amount of water flowed from the outside is 5.4 billion m3 (from China is 3.5 billion m3 , from Nho Que River is 1.9 billion m3 ) and amount of water flow in Cao Bang Province is 5.1 billion m3 . 

► In general, the water resources of Cao Bang province are quite abundant, meeting the needs of production and daily life. 

Administrative units 

13 units at district level, including 1 city and 12 districts. 

Human resources 

The population is 530.431; in which the population of the city is 84,421 people. (statistics in Oct 14 th 2019)

The total labor force in the whole city is 73,193 people of which non-agricultural labor is 58,510 people, accounting for 79.94%. (statistics in July 2019) 

− In the inner city alone: the total number of employees is 58,321 people of which non-agricultural labor is 54,322 people accounting for 93.14%, agricultural labor is 3,999 people accounting for 6.86%.(statistics in July 2019). 

► With the above climatic characteristics in Cao Bang, it is allowed to plant many short-term crops of the year, but heavy rains in the rainy months often cause floods, landslides and in the dry season, the humidity coefficient low wetness often causes drought if additional irrigation water is not resolved.

Most of Cao Bang’s area is covered with forests so the air is quite clean in rural areas, residential areas and in the city center. 

However, due to the large ore output and indiscriminate exploitation and strict management, the main roads of Cao Bang have high levels of dust pollution. The river water is heavily polluted due to the sense of dumping people’s debris, along with the mining and sand mining industry, which has polluted the rivers here, narrowing the flow and the ecosystem is affected. Especially in market areas and residential areas, the river water has a stench phenomenon. 

The main means of transportation in the province are motorbikes, the means of transportation rarely make fuel consumption not high. Cao Bang is not polluted by greenhouse gas emissions and many other toxic gases. Compared to other localities of Vietnam, Cao Bang is one of the provinces with the freshest air and least polluted climate.

Agricultural products 

5 agricultural products issued with collective trademark certificate including Trung Khanh chestnut (1), Nguyen Binh vermicelli (2), Tra Linh mandarin (3), Khau sli Na Giang cake (4), Mong

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