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Cao Bằng

CULTURAL HISTORY POTENTIAL AND LOCATION

Potential in Culture – History 

Cao Bang feels as if it has been left to wild, mostly undisturbed by the troubles of modern day society, the region has seen upheaval during the wars. Being situated directly on the border with China meant that Cao Bang was an area of contention between the two countries. It also played a significant role in the communist movement, acting as a base for the North Vietnamese revolutionaries and earning itself the moniker ‘Cradle of the Revolutionary Movement’. 

Cao Bang has remnants of the Prehistory. Discovery of sparse remnants in surveys of archaeologists in Cao Bang shows continuous development from Old Stone Age to Early Metal Age, evidenced by remnants of Son Vi Culture, Hoa Binh – Bac Son

Culture and New Stone Age. Scientists found hundreds of deposits and fossils of Middle Pleistocene in Nguom Pha Khoa (Thach An District) and Phja Phu Cave (Trung Khanh District). Additionally, scientists found many stone remnants of primitive people, bronze drum and dolmel. 

Cao Bang is home to 214 cultural and historical relic sites, encompassing three national special ones, namely Pac Bo, Tran Hung Dao and Dong Khe. 

Cao Bang is currently a habitat of about 20 ethnic groups. Each ethnic group has its history, economy, and cultures that help to enrich the province’s cultural and spiritual life. Typically, there are many traditional craft villages in Cao Bang such as:

  • Weaving linen of the white Mong people  
  • Brocade weaving by Tay people  
  • The occupation of making gutters, knitting, making incense, making paper, dyeing indigo fabric, forging agricultural tools … of the Nung  
  • Wax prints of Dao Tien women  
  • Silver-carving of the Red

Cao Bang culinary culture is also enriched with hung dried beef, pork sausage, smoked ham, Pi Pat glutinous rice, vermicelli, khảo cakes, Thach An jelly, Tra Linh tangerines, Thach An black jelly, Trung Khanh white jelly (mác púp), Đỏng Pán tea, vine tea, bitter tea … 

Potential in Location Cao Bang boasts over 333km of borderline with Guangxi, China, which is dotted with various border gates to bolster commerce such as Ta Lung international border gate, Tra Linh national border gate, Soc Giang, Ly Van, and many other border marketplaces. 

If Cao Bang can develop cross-border tourism with China, it will be a golden opportunity to increase the number of tourists to millions of people. Although Cao Bang’s target customers are European, American and Australian who is interested in history, culture, geology, natural landscapes, Cao Bang can increase the number of visitors via cross-country tours from China. 

There are two potential cross-border tourist projects.  

  • The first one is the “red tourist route” that connects historical sites of President Ho Chi Minh from China to Cao Bang across provinces covered in the Northern Vietnam region and several major municipalities nationwide and vice versa.  
  • The second is Ban Gioc waterfall project. Experts forecast that if Landscape Site of two parties is officially open, it will attract more than two million visitors annually and this number rockets over years.

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